Lyudmila Yosifovna Boeva

Written by Радослава Илчева
Lyudmila Yosifovna Boeva Lyudmila Yosifovna Boeva

August 19, 1934 – April 05, 2001

Bulgarian, Russian and Czechoslovakian literary critic, mediaevalist and folklorist.

Biography

L. Boeva was born in Astrakhan (Russia). In 1956, she graduated in Russian philology from the Saratov State University of N. G. Chernyshevsky. In 1956–1959, she was a PhD candidate at the Moscow State Pedagogical University of V. I. Lenin.

From 1959 to 1970 Boeva taught Russian literature at Bratislava’s Jan Amos Comenius University (Czechoslovakia). In 1966, she defended her PhD thesis on Руските сатирични повести от XVII век [17th-century Russian satirical stories], and in 1969 at the Faculty of Philosophy at the Charles University in Prague – her habilitation work Пародията в руската литература от XVII в. [Parody in 17th-century Russian literature].

Since the early 1970’s L. Boeva has lived and worked in Bulgaria. In 1971–1982, she was a research associate at the Institute of Literature – BAS, holding also office (1972–1981) at Sofia University of St Kliment Ohridski. She lectured in Russian literature at the Paisiy Hilendarski University of Plovdiv (1977–1980; 1998–1999).

Since 1982, L. Boeva’s scientific activity has been growing in the Department of Russian Literature at Sofia University. In 1988, she defended her dissertation for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philological Sciences on Проблеми на жанровете в руските повести от XVII в. [Problems of Genres in 17th-century Russian Tales]. Since 1982 she has been an associate professor, and since 1989 professor in Russian folklore, Old Russian literature and 18th century Russian literature.

L. Boeva was the head of the Department of Russian Literature at Sofia University (1992–1996), a long-time member of the editorial board of the Bolgarskaya rusistika and the Sofia University Yearbook. Faculty of Slavic Philology (Literary Studies). She trained many students, graduates and PhD students and participated in a number of projects and educational programmes. She is the author of several monographs and about 100 articles and studia.

L. Boeva’s scientific interests and achievements were in the field of Slavic Medievalism – poetics, history, genre development in Russian medieval literature, with particular attention to the 17th century – complex to study due to its heterogeneity. Subject of her research have been key phenomena (tradition of vitae, formation of author’s viewpoint, parody), works (A Tale of Years Bygone, A Tale of Igor’s Campaign, Slavic-Bulgarian History), genres (an everyday-life novel) and characters (Protopope Avakum, Dositey Obradovich, Sofroniy of Vratsa) in Slavic literature. She paid particular attention to the Bulgarian-Russian literary links and to the cultural and historical contacts between South and East Slavs during the Middle Ages and in modern times.

The 18th century also occupied an important place in the works of L. Boeva: interaction of Russian and Western European cultural models, and specificity of Russian Baroque, classicism and sentimentalism. She offered the viewpoint of a medievalist when discussing a number of works of modern Bulgarian and Russian literatures.

Works

Books, textbooks, reading books

  • Вопросы древнерусской литературы. София, 1981.
  • Старата Киевска Русия. История. Култура. Литература. София, 1983.
  • Развитие жанров в русской и болгарской литературах XVII–XVIII вв. София, 1985.
  • Проблемы русской литературы XI–XVIII вв. София, 1985.
  • Русский фольклор. Очерки и образцы. София, 1991.
  • Древнерусские повести (жанры XVII века). София, 1992.
  • Древнерусская литература. Хрестоматия. София, 1992 (съвместно с А. Вачева).

Studia and articles (selected bibliography)

  • Житийные повести и становление автобиографических повествовательных жанров в трех славянских литературах. – Годишник на Софийския университет. Факултет по славянски филологии. Т. 68. Кн. 2, 1975, 89–143.
  • Типологический рельеф автобиографической повести в славянских литературах (Протопоп Аввакум, Досифей Обрадович, Софроний Врачанский). – Славянска филология. Т. 16, 1978, 89–101.
  • О житиях Супрасальского сборника. – Palaeobulgarica/ Старобългаристика, 1978, № 3, 60–71.
  • „История славеноболгарская“ като литературно произведение. – В: За литературните жанрове през Българското възраждане. София, 1979, 45–62.
  • Традиции Тырновской школы в болгарских и русских житиях XVI в. – В: Търновска книжовна школа. Т. 2. Ученици и последователи на Евтимий Търновски. София, 1980, 253–265.
  • Понятието за авторска личност през Българското възраждане. – Литературна мисъл, 1983, № 2, 30–50.
  • „Повесть временных лет“ – болгарские источники и параллели. – Славянска филология. Т. 18, 1983, 27–36.
  • Софроний Врачански и идеологията на немската реформация. – В: Българо-немски литературни и културни взаимоотношения през XVIII и XIX в. София, 1985, 158–176.
  • Рецепция русского барокко Болгарским Возрождением. – В: Славянските литератури в България. Проблеми на рецепцията. София, 1988, 54–74.
  • Към въпроса за историческите жанрове и възприемателя през Ранното възраждане. – В: Жанр и възприемател през Възраждането. Велико Търново, 1991, 18–26.
  • Некоторые проблемы старшей болгарской и древнерусской литературы в компаративном аспекте. – Годишник на Софийския университет. Факултет по славянски филологии. Т. 87. Кн. 2. Литературознание, 1994, 5–44.
  • Специфика жанровой системы русского классицизма. – В: Osemnáste storočie v ruskej literature. Bratislava, 1996, 19–38.
  • Християнски топоси в лириката на А.С. Пушкин. – Литературна мисъл, 1999, № 1, 31–43.
  • Библейски цитати в текста и интертекста на Софроний Врачански. – В: Традиция, приемственост, новаторство (В памет на Петър Динеков). София, 2001, 394–400.
  • Лечебники и рецепты как формы сатирического обличения. – Древняя Русь. Вопросы медиевистики. № 1 (11), 2003, 56–62.
  • Сергий Радонежский и русская монастырская культура. – Славистични изследвания. Т. 7. София, 2005, 153–162.
  • Некоторые вопросы русского сентиментализма в компаративном аспекте. – Годишник на Софийския университет. Факултет по славянски филологии. Т. 91–93. Кн. 2. Литературознание, 1998, 190–287.

About L. Boeva (selected)

  • Лихачов, Д.С. Автобиографиите на Софроний Врачански и Авакум Петров (Опит да се обяснят техните различия). – Литературна мисъл, 1978, № 10, 89–95.
  • Михайлов, М. Людмила Боева. Вопросы древнерусской литературы. София, Наука и изкуство, 1981, 279 с. – Болгарская русистика, 1982, № 1, 82–84.
  • Томова, Е. Людмила Боева. Вопросы древнерусской литературы. София, Наука и изкуство, 1981. – Старобългарска литература, 1983, № 13, 166–169.
  • Рябов, В. Вопросы древнерусской литературы. София, Наука и изкуство, 1981. – Slavica Slovaca, 1983, № 2, 211–212.
  • Дилевски, Н.М. Людмила Боева. Развитие жанров в русской и болгарской литературах XVII–XVIII вв. София, БАН, 1983, 172 с. – Старобългарска литература, 1984, № 16, 142–146.
  • Чекова, И. Людмила Боева. Русский фольклор. Очерки и образцы. София, 1991. – Български фолклор, 1993, № 2, 106–110.
  • Илчева, Р. „Древнерусская литература“. Хрестоматия. – Болгарская русистика, 1994, № 1, 52–57.
  • Реката на времето. Сборник статии в памет на проф. Людмила Боева (1934 – 2001). Река времен. Сборник статей памяти проф. Людмилы Боевой (1934–2001). София, 2007.
  • Вачева, А. Боева, Людмила Йосифовна. – В: Енциклопедия Българско възраждане. Литература. Периодичен печат. Литературен живот. Културни средища. В 3 тома. Т. I. А-Й. С., Акад. изд-во „Проф. Марин Дринов“, 2014, с. 94.

 

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